As the Turkish government would not submit to the Soviet Union's requests, tensions arose in the region, leading to a show of naval force on the side of the Soviets. Since British assistance to Turkey had ended inthe U. S sent the aircraft carrier Franklin D. The postwar period from started with a " multi-party period " and the Democratic Party government of Adnan Menderes.
In the s, anti-slavery forces in the United States developed a free soil strategy of containment, without using the word, to stop the expansion of slavery until it later collapsed. Historian James Oakes explains the strategy: The Federal government would surround the south with free states, free territories, and free waters, building what they called a 'cordon of freedom' around slavery, hemming it in until the system's own internal weaknesses forced the slave states one by one to abandon slavery.
In Belgium, Spain, and Italy, Bismarck exerted strong and sustained political pressure to support the election or appointment of liberal, anticlerical governments.
This was part of an integrated strategy to promote republicanism in France by strategically and ideologically isolating the clerical-monarchist regime of President Patrice de Mac-Mahon. It was hoped that by ringing France with a number of liberal states, French republicans could defeat MacMahon and his reactionary supporters.
The modern concept of containment provides a useful model for understanding the dynamics of this policy.
In MarchFrench Premier Georges Clemenceau called for a cordon sanitaire, a ring of non-communist states, to isolate the Soviet Union.
Translating that phrase, U. President Woodrow Wilson called for a "quarantine. Roosevelt reversed the policy in in the hope to expand American export markets.
The Munich Agreement of was a failed attempt to contain Nazi expansion in Europe. Germany, Italy, and Japan. Origin — [ edit ] Key State Department personnel grew increasingly frustrated with and suspicious of the Soviets as the war drew to a close.
Averell HarrimanU. Ambassador in Moscow, once a "confirmed optimist" regarding U. State Department asked George F. Kennanthen at the U. He responded with a wide-ranging analysis of Russian policy now called the Long Telegram: It does not work by fixed plans.
It does not take unnecessary risks. Impervious to logic of reason, and it is highly sensitive to logic of force. For this reason it can easily withdraw—and usually does when strong resistance is encountered at any point.
The Soviets perceived themselves to be in a state of perpetual war with capitalism; The Soviets would use controllable Marxists in the capitalist world as allies; Soviet aggression was not aligned with the views of the Russian people or with economic reality, but with historic Russian xenophobia and paranoia; The Soviet government's structure prevented objective or accurate pictures of internal and external reality.
Kennan's cable was hailed in the State Department as "the appreciation of the situation that had long been needed. Six months later, it would probably have sounded redundant.
This report, which recommended "restraining and confining" Soviet influence, was presented to Truman on September 24, Forrestal gave permission for the report to be published in the journal Foreign Affairs under the pseudonym "X. He later said that by containment he meant not the containment of Soviet Power "by military means of a military threat, but the political containment of a political threat.
Truman — [ edit ] After Republicans gained control of Congress in the elections, President Truman, a Democrat, made a dramatic speech that is often considered to mark the beginning of the Cold War.
Portraying the issue as a mighty clash between "totalitarian regimes" and "free peoples," the speech marks the adoption of containment as official U.
Congress appropriated the money.The Truman Doctrine paved the way for American containment of communism.
Analysis What the Truman Doctrine and the policy of containment showed the world was that the United States was willing to do almost anything to stop the spread of communism. A mid-level diplomat in the State Department named George Kennan proposed the policy of containment.
Since the American people were weary from war and had no desire to send United States troops into Eastern Europe, rolling back the gains of the Red Army would have been impossible. The policy became known as the Truman Doctrine, as the.
A doctrine developed by Truman in accordance with the containment policy that promised economic aid to those fighting communists.
The doctrine would later . The Truman Doctrine of , with its guarantee of immediate economic and military aid to Greece and Turkey, was an initial application of the policy of containment. This is a containment strategy plan that the U.S.
used in the Cold War to prevent communism country, the Soviet Union from spreading Communism by providing either military support, economic and/or technical assistance to noncommunist countries. The Truman Doctrine There's nothing American presidents like more than getting their own doctrine.
Like the Monroe doctrine, the Truman doctrine states the American stance on potential aggression and what the consequences might be. This webpage offers the full text of the March 12, , speech Harry Truman gave to a joint session of Congress.