The Malayans followed in successive waves.
Administered over a barangay of 40 to 50 families Collected tribute in the barangay Position was originally hereditary among the local elites of the pre-colonial period History of the philippines was made elective in ; the gobernadorcillo and other cabezas chose a name and presented it to the Governor General for appointment to the position in a specific barangay.
After three years of service, a cabeza was qualified for election to the office of the gobernadorcillo. Political system[ edit ] Fort San Pedro was first of many fortresses to protect the islands from invaders such as pirates and other colonizers.
The Spanish quickly organized their new colony according to their model. The first task was the reduction, or relocation of native inhabitants into settlements. The earliest political system used during the conquista period was the encomienda system, which resembled the feudal system in medieval Europe.
The conquistadores, friars and native nobles were granted estates, in exchange for their services to the King, and were given the privilege to collect tribute from its inhabitants.
In return, the person granted the encomienda, known as an encomendero, was tasked to provide military protection to the inhabitants, justice and governance.
In times of war, the encomendero was duty bound to provide soldiers for the King, in particular, for the complete defense of the colony from invaders such as the DutchBritish and Chinese.
The encomienda system was abused by encomenderos and by was largely replaced by administrative provinces, each headed by an alcalde mayor provincial governor  The most prominent feature of Spanish cities was the plaza, a central area for town activities such as the fiesta, and where government buildings, the church, a market area and other infrastructures were located.
Residential areas lay around the plaza. During the conquista, the first task of colonization was the reduction, or relocation of the indigenous population into settlements surrounding the plaza.
With the seat of power in Intramuros, Manilathe Governor-General was given several duties: His yearly salary was 40, pesos. The Governor-General was commonly a peninsular Spaniarda Spaniard born in Spain, to ensure loyalty of the colony to the crown or tiara.
Philippine map Main article: Provinces of the Philippines On the local level, heading the pacified provinces alcaldiawas the provincial governor alcalde mayor.
The unpacified military zones corregimientosuch as Mariveles and Mindorowere headed by the corregidores. City governments ayuntamientoswere also headed by an alcalde mayor. Alcalde mayors and corregidores exercised multiple prerogatives as judge, inspector of encomiendas, chief of police, tribute collector, capitan-general of the province and even vice-regal patron.
His annual salary ranged from P to P before and P to P after it. But this can be augmented through the special privilege of "indulto de commercio" where all people were forced to do business with him.The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans using rafts or boats at least 67, years ago as the discovery of Callao Man suggested.
Negrito groups first inhabited the isles. Groups of Austronesians later migrated to the islands. History of the Philippines and Filipinos with a timeline of events, a chronological list of Philippine presidents & Vice-Presidents, The evolution of the Philippine Flag, Philippine statistics, old photos of Manila and more.
The history of the Philippines from to , also known as the Spanish colonial period, a period that spans during the Captaincy General of the Philippines located in the collection of Islands in Southeast Asia that was colonized by Spain known as 'Las Islas Filipinas'.
History outline of the Philippines. Early History: The Philippine archipelago was settled at least 30, years ago, when migrations from the Indonesian archipelago and elsewhere are believed to have occurred. Additional migrations took place over the next millennia. Over time, social and political organization developed and evolved in the widely scattered islands.
During the Spanish-American War, Filipino rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo proclaim the independence of the Philippines after years of Spanish rule. By. Philippine History. Early History -The Negritos are believed to have migrated to the Philippines some 30, years ago from Borneo, Sumatra, and plombier-nemours.com Malayans followed in successive waves.
These people belonged to a primitive epoch of Malayan culture, which has apparently survived to this day among certain groups such as the .