Monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants

North and South Islands. In the North Island widespread from Te Paki to about the northern Manawatu - after which it is scarce.

Monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants

The monocots include principally the palms and bamboos. Palm trees form extensive savannas in certain tropical and subtropical zones but are more usually seen along watersides or in plantations. Evolution Monocots form a monophyletic group, meaning that they share a common evolutionary history.

It is widely believed that the monocots were derived from primitive eudicots. Given that the various physical features of monocots are regarded as derived characteristics within the angiosperms, any plant more primitive than the monocots in these several respects would certainly be a eudicot.

Some of the earliest known monocot fossils are pollen grains dating to the Aptian Age of the Early Cretaceous Epoch million— million years ago. Molecular clock studies which employ differences in DNA to estimate when a group split from its ancestors suggest that monocots may have originated as early as million years ago.

Within these constraints, the monocots show a wide range of diversity of structure and habitat. They are cosmopolitan in their distribution on land.

They also grow in lakes, ponds, and rivers, sometimes free-floating but more often rooted to the bottom. Some of them grow in the intertidal zone along the seashore, and a few are submerged marine plants rooted to the bottom in fairly shallow water along the shore.

Flower parts typically come in multiples of three, and the pollen grains characteristically feature a single aperture or furrow. In other structural respects, monocot roots are essentially similar to those of eudicots.

Many eudicots have a taproot or several strong roots, with several orders of branch roots, all originating eventually from the embryonic root radicle. The taproot or primary roots in such a system have a vascular cambium and are thickened by secondary growth.

This kind of root system is not available to monocots. Instead, the primary root that originates from the radicle of the embryo soon aborts or is undeveloped so that no primary root is produced. The root system of monocots is thus wholly adventitious—i. The roots are all slender, and the plant is said to be fibrous-rooted.

Top In a corn seed monocotnutrients are stored in the cotyledon and endosperm tissue. The radicle and hypocotyl region between the cotyledon and radicle give rise to the roots.

The epicotyl region above the cotyledon gives rise to the stem and leaves and is covered by a protective sheath coleoptile. Bottom In a bean seed eudicotall nutrients are stored in the enlarged cotyledons. The radicle gives rise to the roots, the hypocotyl to the lower stem, and the epicotyl to the leaves and upper stem.

Flowers of monocots differ from those of eudicots mainly in the number of parts of each kind.

#13 Summary of Classification of Living things | Biology Notes for IGCSE

Monocot flowers most often have the parts in sets of three, occasionally four, but almost never five. The numbers are especially characteristic of the sepals and petals.PLANT ANATOMY. The science of the structure of the organized plant body learned by dissection is called Plant Anatomy (anatomy-dissection).

Monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants

In general, Plant Anatomy refers to study of internal morphology, pertaining to different tissues. or flowering plants are the most successful and diversified groups of plants.

The angiosperms consists of about 2,50, species of herbs, shrubs, and trees. (From this division of the seeds derives a general distinction amongst plants, that in my judgement is first and by far the best, into those seed plants which are bifoliate, or bilobed, and those that are analogous to the adult), that is between monocots and Angiosperms.

in Dicot plants vs Monocot plants, Monocot vs Dicot plants, Monocotyledonous plants vs Dicotyledonous plants Angiosperms or flowering plants are the most successful and diversified groups of plants.

The angiosperms consists of about 2,50, spec. Nov 18,  · All living things have 7 characteristics: Nutrition, Respiration, Growth, Excretion, Movement, Reproduction and Sensitivity.; Living organisms are classified into groups according to how closely related they are.

Each species of organism is given a unique two-word Latin name called a first word of the binomial is the genus and the second word is the species. Monocotyledon: Monocotyledon, one of the two great groups of flowering plants, or angiosperms, the other being the eudicotyledons (eudicots).

There are approximately 60, species of monocots, including the most economically important of all plant families, Poaceae (true grasses), and the largest of all plant.

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