Summary of the poem pied beauty

The Tolkien family had emigrated from Germany in the 18th century but had become "quickly intensely English". However, this origin of the name has not been proven. The couple had left England when Arthur was promoted to head the Bloemfontein office of the British bank for which he worked. Tolkien had one sibling, his younger brother, Hilary Arthur Reuel Tolkienwho was born on 17 February

Summary of the poem pied beauty

It closes by examining literature inspired by Krakatoa, including a letter by Gerard Manley Hopkins, a poem by Alfred Tennyson, and novels by R. Download this page in PDF format On 27 Augustafter a day of alarming volcanic activity, an obscure, uninhabited island now widely known as Krakatoa or Krakatau [1] erupted with a force more than ten thousand times that of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima Thornton 1.

The world quickly took notice. Officials reported the eruption via undersea telegraph cables. People thousands of miles away heard the explosion, and instruments around the world recorded changes in air pressure and sea level. In the months that followed, newspapers and journals printed vivid accounts of spectacular sunsets caused by fine particles that the volcano spewed into the upper atmosphere and that circled the globe, gradually spreading further north and south.

The Royal Society, a British academy of scientists, formed a special Krakatoa committee to collect these articles, other eye-witness testimony, and more precise data such as barograph readings of air pressure to analyze the material meticulously and to publish a thorough report of their findings.

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Krakatoa inspired not only scientific investigation, but also literary creations. Gerard Manley Hopkins published a letter describing the Krakatoa sunsets in evocative and figurative language. The August eruption was not entirely unexpected, but nearly so.

Krakatoa had erupted violently from May through November Symons 10but had then been dormant for two centuries.

Summary of the poem pied beauty

The volcano stirred to life on 20 May with a series of moderate eruptions Symons Locals took note but were not especially alarmed. In fact, the island briefly became a tourist attraction.

Summary of the poem pied beauty

These visitors may have been foolhardy, but some were quite observant, and later were able to provide valuable data, such as estimates of the size of the crater, the frequency of explosions, and the height of the vapor column.

One took a photograph of the volcano exploding; another collected a pumice sample Symons Residents of the Javan and Sumatran coasts near Krakatoa quickly became alarmed on 26 August when more serious explosions began, some accompanied by tsunamis Thornton The next morning the situation became much more dire.

Four great explosions, the third of which was the strongest, occurred at 5: Krakatoa time Symons The resultant dust cloud immersed in darkness a region extending to Batavia, nearly a hundred miles distant, and to some villages to miles away Symons For those within a radius of 50 miles, the total darkness lasted over two days Thornton The most violent of the explosions, occurring at approximately Whatever its exact height, the wave was incredibly deadly and far-reaching.

Officially, it killed 36, inhabitants of coastal towns and villages, though more may have died Thornton 13; Simkin and Fiske 15and its faint remnants were detected as far away as the English Channel Thornton The reason such a violent eruption occurred at Krakatoarather than some other location, was partially understood by late-nineteenth-century science.

In an ocean trench near Sumatra and Java, two tectonic plates collide in what is called a subduction zone, and the Indo-Australian plate is forced under the Asian plate into the molten mantle below Thornton Simkin and Fiske consider the debate settled: Scientists also continue to scrutinize Krakatoa as a case study in the formation and development of an island ecosystem.

The new island was destroyed by sea erosion three times, but in August a fourth version of the island arose and became a permanent fixture in the Krakatoa island group Thornton The emerging ecosystems on both the remnants of the old Krakatoa islands and on Anak Krakatau could provide guidance for reconstructing ecosystems that have been devastated by human activity, such as logging and mining Thornton Such attention, from scientists and laymen around the globe, began within hours of the eruption, because news of it travelled rapidly via the worldwide network of telegraph lines.

A telegram sent from Batavia to Singapore on 27 August reads: Village near Anjer washed away. Batavia now almost quite dark—gas lights extinguished during the night—unable communicate with Anjer—fear calamity there—several bridges destroyed, river having overflowed through rush sea inland.

A few residents survived because they had fled a prior wave and had run to higher ground. Despite, or perhaps because of, the horrifying nature of the eruption, some of the telegrams from Batavia are almost poetic in their condensed eloquence and evocative figurative language.

Fiske stress in their magisterial centennial review of Krakatoa: Telegrams bearing news of the Krakatau eruption spread quickly and accounts soon appeared in newspapers around the world.

Verbeek, to study the eruption. After it received numerous accounts from scientists and amateur observers, the multidisciplinary committee spent 28 months analyzing the data and writing the report, which was edited by G.

Such specificity was essential for calculating the distances and velocities of the oceanic and atmospheric phenomena associated with the eruption. Some of them registered the air wave a total of seven times: The committee also discussed the speed at which fine ash and dust travelled through the upper atmosphere.1 UNIVERSITY OF CALCUTTA SYLLABUS OF ENGLISH (HONS) (with effect from ) Word-limit for the answers for the honours papers.

Full marks of. In a somer seson, whan softe was the sonne, I shoop me into shroudes as I a sheep were, In habite as an heremite unholy of werkes, Wente wide in this world wondres to here. A. Abducted by plombier-nemours.com aliens in these legends are not men from outer space but the underground folk: fairies, trolls, elves, and the like.

The Recovered Bride (Ireland).

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Biggest Siterips, Pornstars and MDH Porn Archive. This site does not store any files on its server. We only index and link to content provided by other sites.

O. Oisin in Tir na plombier-nemours.com (also spelled Ossian), the legendary Celtic hero and poet, marries a princess who through a Druidic spell has been cursed with the head of a pig.

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